Lithium battery safety testing 6 major standards

Lithium battery safety testing: 6 major standards

Lithium battery is preferred in certain applications due to its enhanced safety features, which include a built-in protection circuit to prevent overcharging and overheating, reducing the risk of accidents.

Every lithium-ion battery developed needs to meet certain requirements called battery testing standards, which explain its behavior in terms of safe use, even if it is implemented as a component of another technology. The lithium battery testing standard is a standard for the battery manufacturing industry to promote the safe development of enterprises. Through these processes of testing development in the early stages, it is safe for both consumers to play in different environments.

The lithium battery is put through testing machines, exposing it to different environmental conditions. The reaction of the lithium battery to the influence of environmental conditions in the test machine was recorded. The recorded information will be used to ensure compliance with all lithium battery safety standards.

What are the testing standards for lithium-ion batteries?

Lithium battery safety testing standards are developed to test lithium-ion batteries in the development stage to ensure that they meet global safety requirements. These lithium-ion battery testing standards are developed by well-known international organizations such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL), Japan Standards Association (JSA), etc., and are therefore recognized globally.

For lithium-ion batteries, this selected standard serves to ensure adequate safety in all working processes.

Lithium Ion Battery
Lithium Ion Battery

For lithium battery safety testing, we most commonly use the following 6 standards:


IEC 62133
United Nations 38.3
ECE R100
IEC 62619
UL 1642
UL 2580

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62133

IEC 62133 is a safety requirement for testing secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or non-acidic electrolytes. For safety testing of portable sealed secondary lithium-ion batteries. IEC 62133 ensures that lithium-ion batteries meet the safety requirements required for portable electronics and other applications.

With this standard, lithium battery cells are differentiated based on sufficient functionality. IEC 62133 was introduced to safeguard and eliminate chemical and electrical hazards such as vibration and mechanical shock that pose a threat to consumers and the environment.

United Nations Transportation Test (UN/DOT) 38.3

UN 38.3 standard testing ensures that lithium-ion batteries meet safe transportation requirements for air, sea, and land transportation. The requirements of UN 38.3 apply to all lithium battery cells and batteries. The United Nations (UN) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) both play a role in ensuring the safe transportation of lithium batteries.

Lithium battery is quite hazardous and require UN 38.3 standard transport testing and other regulations before being transported from one location to another. Any lithium battery is tested to UN 38.3 to ensure the battery complies with international rules and regulations for battery transport.

UN ECE Regulation R100

The ECE R100 standard test is conducted on electric vehicle batteries to ensure adequate safety. ECE R100 provides safety protection when charging electric vehicle batteries. To ensure this rule is met, electric vehicles should not be moved or driven while the battery is charging, and direct contact should be avoided.

The ECE R100 also ensures that electric vehicles maintain accurate positioning without cracks while driving. ECE R100 is only suitable for M+N electric vehicles with a top speed of 25km/hr. Therefore, this standard also applies to voltage conversion of electric vehicles.

International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 62619

International Electrotechnical Commission 62619 specifies the requirements required for the safe use of secondary lithium batteries and battery packs. It ensures that all lithium batteries are safe for use in electronics and other applications. International Electrotechnical Commission 62619 standard test requirements apply to stationary and moving applications.

IEC 62619 is also ideal for testing the safety of energy storage batteries. Energy storage batteries include secondary lithium batteries and batteries used in simple electronic devices such as cell phones to keep them stationary.

According to IEC 62619, batteries should withstand certain temperatures in the testing machine room. IEC 62619 specifies testing requirements to be performed on a series of testing machines at a temperature of 25±5°C.

Underwriters Laboratories (UL) 1642

UL 1642 standard requirements cover primary and secondary lithium batteries used in electronic product applications. It is suitable for different kinds of lithium batteries, whether they are single cells, double cells or multi-cell electrochemical cells connected in parallel or in series. Lithium batteries contain components such as metallic lithium, alloys, and lithium ions, which help convert chemical energy into electrical energy through a chemical reaction process. UL 1642 ensures the safety of lithium batteries in applications by reducing risks related to fire, explosion, etc. UL 1642 requirements apply to the use of lithium batteries as product power supplies.

Underwriters Laboratories (UL) 2580

Underwriters Laboratories 2580 standard requirements ensure correct evaluation of electrical energy storage. It ensures that electrical energy storage meets its safety requirements to withstand environmental impacts under any conditions and conditions in which consumers handle it. UL 2580 protects consumers from hazards caused by improper use of lithium batteries. Electrical energy storage evaluation process based on UL 2580, including design and module and manufacturer recommended initials for specified charge and discharge values. The importance of lithium-ion battery testing standards.

Lithium-ion battery testing standards improve the use of this type of battery in different products due to its advantages. Unlike other types of batteries, lithium-ion batteries take the use of batteries to power electronic devices to another level. Most consumers of lithium-ion batteries consider this a technological breakthrough.

Lithium-ion battery testing
Lithium-ion battery testing

There are two core benefits to having different international testing standards for lithium-ion batteries, including

Performance

International testing standards for batteries have improved the performance of lithium-ion batteries, and most people refer to international testing standards as a tool to push the performance of lithium batteries to the top while ensuring safety. Today’s lithium batteries are more stable than ever and can be recharged a hundred times without any defects. Lithium-ion batteries have higher density, higher voltage capacity, and low charge rates that beat other battery types. All of this improves the performance of lithium-ion batteries, which attract the attention of potential consumers due to their impressive power efficiency of maintaining a single charge for long periods of time.

Security

Safety is always the reason why lithium batteries must meet the requirements of international testing standards. Lithium battery has passed international testing standards to ensure safe transportation and use by consumers and reduce the risk of exposure to hazards. Lithium batteries are considered safe when they meet international testing standards. Almost every lithium battery manufacturer hopes to develop battery products that can attract the attention of potential consumers by passing the safety and improved performance requirements of standard testing regulations.The lithium ion battery manufacturer has implemented stringent quality control measures to ensure the safety and reliability of their products.

Test

It sounds difficult. Without international testing standards, it is difficult for lithium batteries to pass adequate safety tests. International testing standards ensure that all manufacturers’ lithium batteries are free of defects by providing requirements for comprehensive testing of lithium batteries. Testing of lithium batteries improves their performance and ensures the safety of electronic product applications.

Why are safety considerations needed for lithium-ion batteries?

Lithium batteries are dangerous when defective and can cause explosions or fires, causing harm to human health and the environment, so safety considerations must be taken. Taking the safety of lithium batteries into consideration at the early stages of development takes its efficiency to another level by preventing future risks.

Although, even if lithium batteries have passed international safety tests, consumers still need to comply with other safety requirements when handling, storing and disposing of lithium batteries, including:

Disposal of lithium batteries needs to be done by qualified experts as most lithium batteries can be recycled while others cannot. Therefore, in order to avoid harm caused by incorrect handling of lithium batteries, it is necessary to send lithium batteries to disposable battery institutions.

Unlike other types of batteries, lithium batteries require special care. Even though it is affected by electronic devices, the manufacturer always ensures that it clicks perfectly in a stable position to prevent unnecessary movement while using the device and thus avoid risks.

Storing lithium batteries is necessary to promote safe use. There are endless stories of lithium battery explosions and fires due to poor battery management. Although there are international testing standards for lithium batteries, it is important to always follow the manufacturer’s storage rules to avoid risks and ensure safety.​

Why is lithium-ion safety testing needed?

Lithium-ion safety testing is necessary because it ensures that the battery can be used safely under specific environmental conditions without any risk. Lithium batteries have become very popular in the market as lithium-ion safety tests prevent usage risks associated with lithium batteries from affecting users.

Lithium-ion safety testing
Lithium-ion safety testing

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